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Texas Instruments TMC1500

Features

Texas Instruments introduced in June 1976 with the two scientific calculators SR-40/TI-30 and the financial calculator Business Analyst its Majestic product line. The first calculators made use of the TMC0980 single-chip calculator circuit, an extension of the TMS1000 Microcomputer family and optimized for calculators with up to 40 keys and a 9-digit LED Display powered by a 9V battery. The TMC0980 chip includes 18,432 Bits Read-Only Memory (ROM), 2k*9 Bits and 576 Bits Random-Access Memory (RAM, 9 Registers * 16 digits), a 4-bit Arithmetic unit, a programmable PLA for segment decoding and both segment and digit drivers for a 9-digit LED Display.

Later calculators in the Majestic line like the TI-55, TI Programmable 57, and The MBA used with the TMC1500 family a much more capable calculator brain more than doubling the SAM capacity and supporting 12-digit displays. In contrast to the Digit Processor architecture used with the TMC0980, continues the TMC1500 the Register Processor approach known from the TMC0500 family introduced already in January 1974 with the SR-50.

Due to a flexible design concept with both programmable ROM and segment decoder some design variations appeared.

Texas Instruments developed for the TMC1500 a unique multiplexing approach for the 12-digit LED Display to reduce the number of output ports: One output shares Digit Driver 1 (rightmost) and DP (Decimal Point) and one output shares Segment D and Digit Driver 12, consequently calculators designed with the TMC1500 can't display a decimal point on the right most digit or activate the lower segment on the leftmost digit. 

Family Members and Applications

Type Calculator/Product Application Comments
TMC1501 TI Programmable 57, Híradástechnika PTK-1050, Radio Shack EC-4000 Programmable
Scientific
12 (8+2) digits
TMC1502 The MBA, TI-42 MBA Financial 12 (8+2) digits
TMC1503 TI-51 III, TI-55 Scientific 12 (8+2) digits

 

Architecture

  Description Comments
Architecture Single-chip Calculator Scientific, Financial, Programmable
Category Register Processor 64-bit registers (16 digits * 4 Bits
Related    
ROM Size 26,624 Bits 2048 Words * 13 Bits
SAM Size 1,280 Bits 20 Registers * 16 digits (SAM)
Outputs 12 Digits, 8 Segments Integrated Digit and Segment Drivers
Inputs 5 Keyboard,
1 Frequency Adjust
Segment to Keyboard Scan-Matrix

Technical Specifications

Item Min Typ Max Unit Comments
VSS   0   V  (Black wire on TI calculators!) 
VDD   -9.0   V  (Red wire on TI calculators!) 
VBIAS   2.0   V  (Internal charge pump) 
CK   650   kHz  Internal oscillator, adjusted with
 a resistor from FADJ to VDD

Technology

The TMC1500 was manufactured in a 6 um metal gate PMOS process (metal width = 0.25 mil / 6.0 um, metal spacing = 0.25 mil / 6.0 um, diffusion width = 0.15 mil / 4.0 um, diffusion spacing = 0.30 mil / 8.0 um).

The die size of the TMC1500 is approximately 240 mils * 235 mils / 6.1 mm * 6.0 mm.

Packaging

The TMC1500 uses a 0.6” wide 28-pin DIP (Dual In-line Package with a 0.1” / 2.54 mm lead pitch).

Pin Configuration

Pin IO Function Pin IO Function
1 V Positive Voltage VSS 28 O Segment driver G
2 O Digit driver 1 (rightmost),
Segment driver DP
27 O Segment driver F
3 O Digit driver 2 26 O Segment driver E
4 O Digit driver 3 25 O Segment driver C
5 O Digit driver 4 24 O Segment driver B
6 O Digit driver 5 23 O Segment driver A
7 O Digit driver 6 22 O Segment driver D,
Digit driver 12 (leftmost)
8 O Digit driver 7 21   n.c.
9 O Digit driver 8 20 I Keymatrix input 5
10 V Negative Voltage VDD 19 I Keymatrix input 4
11 O Digit driver 9 18 I Keymatrix input 3
12 O Digit driver 10 17 I Keymatrix input 2
13 O Digit driver 11 16 I Keymatrix input 1
14 V Charge pump Voltage VBIAS
(10 nF to VSS)
15 A Frequency Adjust
(100 -330 kΩ to VDD)
The Segment drivers A-G and DP (Decimal Point) are connected to the display in the pictured way. 

Keyboard Scan-Matrix

The keyboards of all calculators based on the TMC1500 family consist of an x/y-matrix connected to eight segment outputs and the keymatrix inputs K1, K2, K3, K4, and K5. 

Example for the TI-55: 

  K1 K2 K3 K4 K5
Seg. E 2nd sin cos tan CLR
Seg. F INV % lnX eX XsqrY
Seg. B X#Y X2 sqrX 1/X YX
Seg. G S+ EE ( ) :
Seg. C STO 7 8 0 *
Seg. A RCL 4 5 6 -
Seg. D SUM 1 2 3 +
Seg. DP CE 0 . +/- =

Display

Calculators based on the TMC1500 make use of a 12-digit LED-display with common cathode architecture. 

horizontal rule

If you have additions to the above datasheet please email: joerg@datamath.org.

© Sean Riddle and Joerg Woerner, January 12, 2021. No reprints without written permission.