DATAMATH CALCULATOR MUSEUM
With the TMC05xx building blocks Texas Instruments created a novel architecture for scalable scientific calculators. The architecture uses minimum a 2 chip design with the Arithmetic chip TMC0501 and the SCOM (scanning read only memory) but was expandable to a maximum of 8 SCOM's, additional RAM as program memory for programmable calculators, additional RAM for general purpose registers and even a chip driving a printer. Most scientific and programmable calculators from Texas Instruments between the years 1974 and 1982 (SR-50..TI-59) use these chips.
The TMC0501 Arithmetic chip contains a decimal ALU (Arithmetic and Logic Unit) with a accuracy of 13 digits. Each result is represented in 16 digits, 13 digits for the mantissa, 2 digits for the exponent and one digit for the signs and overflow bits. There are in total 5 registers of 16 digits for storage purposes.
Additional functions of the TMC0501 include the segment outputs of the display and the keyboard scanning input. Both the scanning of the display digits and the keyboard is done by the SCOM companion chip.
SR-50, SR-50A, SR-51, SR-51A, SR-51-II, SR-52, SR-56, SR-60, TI-5230
|PHI1, PHI2||225||230||kHz||Opposite phases|
The TMC0501 uses a
standard DIP-28 package.
|1||O||Segment driver DP||28||O||Segment driver G|
|2||O||Segment driver B||27||V||Negative Voltage VGG|
|3||O||Segment driver A||26||V||Negative Voltage VDD|
|4||O||Segment driver F||25||IO||SCOM Interface D0|
|5||O||Segment driver C||24||IO||SCOM Interface D1|
|6||O||Segment driver D||23||IO||SCOM Interface D2|
|7||O||Segment driver E||22||IO||SCOM Interface D3|
|8||I||Keymatrix input T||21||I||Instruction words|
|9||I||Keymatrix input S||20||O||Calculating status|
|10||I||Keymatrix input R||19||O||External access|
|11||I||Keymatrix input Q||18||I||Clock Input 2|
|12||I||Keymatrix input P||17||I||Clock Input 1|
|13||I||Keymatrix input O||16||V||Common Voltage|
|14||I||Keymatrix input N||15||O||Segment driver H|
|The Segment drivers A-G and the Decimal point are connected to a display in the pictured way. The H segment is used for the leading sign.|
The keyboards of all calculators based on the TMC0501 Arithmetic chip consist of a x/y-matrix connected to the SCOM digit driver outputs and the TMC0501 keymatrix inputs. Find the corresponding key connection within the SCOM datasheets.
Calculators based on the TMC0501 make use of a 14-digit LED-display with common cathode architecture. Early calculators like the SR-50 or SR-51 use 14 TILxxx modules, later models like SR-50A or SR-56 use the LED-stick 234. The segments are driven directly from the TMC0501, the digits use external drivers (SN27882) connected to the corresponding SCOM chip.
If you have additions to the above datasheet please email: email@example.com.
© Joerg Woerner, February 02, 2001. No reprints
without written permission.