Texas Instruments TMC0596 Magnetic I/O Chip

• Features

Texas Instruments announced on September 16, 1975 with the SR-52 their first Keystroke Programmable Handheld Calculator based on the TMS0500 Building Blocks for Scientific and Programmable Calculators introduced already in January 1974 with the SR-50 “Slide Rule” calculator. While the SR-50 used only the minimum configuration of this groundbreaking architecture combining the TMC0501 Arithmetic Chip and one TMC0521 SCOM (Scanning Read-Only Memory) Chip with the necessary display drivers for its 14-digit LED display plus power supply and clock generation, went the SR-52 a step ahead and made full use of the TMS0500 Building Blocks. A closer look at the PCB (printed circuit board) of the SR-52 reveals a total of seven PMOS (P-channel Metal–oxide Semiconductor) chips:

• TMC0501: Arithmetic Chip – Register Processor with five 16-digit Registers and segment decoder/driver
• TMC0524: TMC0520 Scanning and Read-Only Memory Chip – 1,024*13 Bits Instruction Memory with serial interface to Arithmetic Chip, 16 Constants with 16 digits, each, two 16-digit Registers and 16-digit display scanning
• TMC0562, TMC0563: Two TMC0560 Bare Read-Only Memory Chips – 1,024*13 Bits Instruction Memory with serial interface to Arithmetic Chip, each for a combined 3,072*13 Bits Instruction Memory
• TMC0595: Magnetic I/O Chip – Four channel interface for magnetic card reader to save and load programs with up to 224 steps
• TMC0599*2: Two Multi-Register Chips – 240*8 Bits Random Access Memory with 4-bit I/O Bus to Arithmetic Chip, stores 240 program steps or 30 numbers of 16 digits, each

Texas Instruments introduced together with the calculator a matching "Printer Cradle" PC-100 with an integrated alphanumerical printer capable to print up to 20 characters per line at a speed of three lines per second on a 2.5 inch wide thermal paper. The SR-52 calculator connects to the PC-100 printer cradle with a 12-pin connector accessible through its battery compartment and featuring all TMC0500 signals necessary to communicate to two additional PMOS chips hosted on the PC-100 PCB:

• TMC0561, TMC0569: Two TMC0560 Bare Read-Only Memory Chips – 1,024*13 Bits Instruction Memory with serial interface to Arithmetic Chip for all commands responsible for printing and tracing
• TMC0251: TMC0250 Printer/Display Chip – Interface to Thermal Printer Mechanism

The SR-60 Prompting Desktop calculator introduced in 1976 took the architecture of the SR-52 even a step further and integrated an alphanumeric display and keyboard with even more Instruction and Data/program memory into a large but elegant housing.

The TMC0596 Magnetic I/O Chip used with the SR-60 and SR-60A Prompting Desktop calculators provides the interface between the four-track magnetic card read/write mechanism and the TMC0501 Arithmetic Chip. Communication between the two chips is realized with multiple means:

• IDLE, PHI 1 and PHI 2 Signals are used to synchronize all peripherals connected to the TMC0501/TMC0501E Arithmetic Chips with the 16 States of its Instruction Cycle
• EXT Output indicates that the TMC0501/TMC0501E Arithmetic Chips are addressing external memories/registers
• IRG Input to receive the 13-bit Instruction Words from the Instruction Memory

The TMC0596 Magnetic I/O Chip also conditions the signals to and from the magnetic card read/write mechanism (e.g. motor, card sensor input, channel 1-4) to make them compatible with PMOS logic levels.

The card speed of the SR-60 is set at 3.7 IPS (inches per second), the calculator will operate at a card speed of 3.3 IPS to 4.1 IPS.

QUICK-LINK to TMS0500 Family.

• Family Members and Applications

SR-60, SR-60A

• Revisions

Revision Products First Prototypes Comments
TMC0596 SR-60   Initial design
Reference Voltage -5.1 V
TMC0596 Rev A SR-60 March 1985 Reference Voltage -5.1 V
TMC0596 Rev B SR-60, SR-60A July 1975 Reference Voltage -3.3 V

• Technical Specifications

Item Min Typ Max Unit Comments
VSS   0   V  
VB -4.8 -5.1 -5.4 V Rev B
VDD -10.5 -10.0 -9.5 V  
VGG -16.3 -15.8 -15.3 V  
PHI1, PHI2   225 230 kHz Opposite phases

• Packaging

The TMC0595 uses a standard 0.4” wide 22-pin DIP (Dual In-line Package with a 0.1” / 2.54 mm lead pitch).

• Pin Configuration

Pin IO Function Pin IO Function
1 A R/W Track 2 22 A R/W Track 3
2 A Capacitor Track 2 21 A Capacitor Track 3
3 A R/W Track 1 20 A R/WTrack 4
4 A Capacitor Track 1 19 A Capacitor Track 4
5 V Common Voltage 18 V Reference Voltage
6 O Instruction words 17 V Common Voltage
7 I Calculating status 16 I External access
8 O Keyboard emulation 15 I Clock Input 2
9 O Motor on/off 14 I Clock Input 1
10 I Card Sensing Input 13 V Negative Voltage VDD
11 O Lamp 12 V Negative Voltage VGG

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If you have additions to the above datasheet please email:

© Joerg Woerner, March 19, 2021. No reprints without written permission.