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Texas Instruments TP0310

Features

Texas Instruments introduced the short-lived TMC0920 family of single-chip calculator circuits in June 1977 with the two basic calculators TI-1025 and TI-1050. Within just one year Texas Instruments introduced with the TI-1030 and TI-1070 calculators with a similar feature set in a much smaller housing and powered by two small button style alkaline batteries good for more than 1,000 hours of operation time. This tremendous progress was made possible by replacing the power-hungry LED Display with an LC-Display and switching the manufacturing process of the single-chip calculator circuit from a 9V metal gate PMOS process to a 3V metal gate CMOS process. The TP0310 family is based on the highly cost-optimized TMC0920 design, in contrast to the Digit Processor architecture used with the TP0320, continues the TP0310 the Register Processor approach known from the TMS0100 family introduced already in November 1971 with the famous TMS1802 chip. The TP0320 chip includes 4,608 Bits Read-only Memory (ROM, 512*9 Bits Bits only 511 words accessible due to the design of the program counter) and 200 Bits Read-access Memory (RAM, 4 Registers * 10 digits), 40 Bits Display, a 4-bit Arithmetic unit, a programmable PLA for segment decoding and both segment and digit multiplexing for a 9-digit LC-Display with up to 67 segments and 3 common scan lines.

Due to a flexible design concept with a programmable ROM but fixed segment decoder some design variations appeared. 

Family Members and Applications

Type Calculator/Product Application Comments
TP0311 E.T. Calculator, TI-1001, TI-1010TI-1030, TI-1031, TI-1032, TI-1040, TI-1750 III, TI-1850, TI-1880 Basic 4-key Memory, srq(x), %
TP0314 TI-1070, TI-1071 Basic Memory, x2, 1/x,
sqr(x), PI

 

Architecture

  Description Comments
Architecture Single-chip Calculator Basic
Category Register Processor 40-bit registers (10 digits * 4 Bits
Related TMC0920 PMOS, 7-segment LED-Display
ROM Size 4,608 Bits 512 Words * 9 Bits
RAM Size 200 Bits 5 Registers * 10 digits
Outputs 3 Common, 22 Segments Integrated Common Scan Line and Segment Drivers
Inputs 4 Keyboard Segment to Keyboard Scan-Matrix

Technical Specifications

Item Min Typ Max Unit Comments
VDD   3.0   V   
VSS   0   V   
CK  250 350 450 kHz  Internal oscillator       

Technology

The TP0310 is manufactured in a tbd um metal gate CMOS process.

The die size of the TP0310 is approximately 135 mils * 150 mils / 3.4 mm * 3.8 mm.

Packaging

The TP0310 uses a 0.4 wide 28-pin SPDIP (Shrink Plastic Dual In-line Package with a 0.07 / 1.778 mm lead pitch).

Pin Configuration

 

Pin IO Function Pin IO Function
1 IO Key row 1, DP8, C8, B8 28 O Segments D6, G6, A6
2 IO Key row 3, D8, E7, F7 27 O Segments DP6, C6, B6
3 IO Key input 2, D7, G7, A7 26   h.c.
4 IO Key row 2, DP7, C7, B7 25 O Segments G8, E5, F5
5 IO Key row 4, E8, E6, F6 24 O Segments D5, G5, A5
6 IO Key input 3, DP2, C2, B2 23 O Segments DP5, C5, B5
7 IO Key row 5, A8, E1, F1 22 O Segments F8, E4, F4
8 IO Key row 6, D1, G1, A1 21 O Segments D4, G4, A4
9 IO Key input 4, DP1, C1, B1 20 O Segments DP4, C4, B4
10 V Negative Voltage VSS 19 O Segments, M, E3, F3
11 VI Key input 1, VDD 18 O Segments D3, G3, A3
12 O LCD COM 1 17 O Segments DP3, C3, B3
13 O LCD COM 2 16 O Segments SIGN, E2, F2
14 O LCD COM 3 15 O Segments D2, G2, A2
The Segment drivers A-G and the Decimal point are connected to a display in the pictured way. 

Keyboard Scan-Matrix

The keyboards of all calculators based on the TP0310 family consist of an x/y-matrix connected to up to six digit outputs outputs and the keymatrix inputs K1, K2, K3, and K4 with the left column ([ON] key) connected to VDD

Example for the TI-1030 with TP0311: 

  VDD K1 K2 K3 K4
Row 6 MC MR M- M+
Row 5 OFF sqrX % :
Row 4 7 8 9 *
Row 3 4 5 6 -
Row 2 1 2 3 +
Row 1 On/C 0 . =

Display

Calculators based on the TP0310 make use of a 9-digit LCD-display with 3 COM (common scan) lines. The battery indicator is connected between LCD COM 2 and LCD COM 3. 

horizontal rule

If you have additions to the above datasheet please email: joerg@datamath.org.

Sean Riddle and oerg Woerner, January 124 2021. No reprints without written permission.