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Texas Instruments TI-30 (with different keyboard)

Date of introduction:  June 13, 1976 Display technology:  LED-stick
New price:  $24.95
 $13.00 (October, 1981)
Display size:  8 (5 + 2)
Size:  5.8" x 3.1" x 1.4"
 148 x 78 x 36 mm3
   
Weight:  4.0 ounces, 114 grams Serial No:  2519653 (ATA)
Batteries:  9V Date of manufacture:  wk 25 year 1978
AC-Adapter: Origin of manufacture:  USA
Precision:  11 Integrated circuits:  TMC0981
Memories:  1    
Program steps:   Courtesy of:  Christian von Lettow-Vorbeck
      Download manual:   (US: 4.1 MByte)

At first glance this TI-30 looks like millions of its sibblings manufactured since the introduction mid of 1976. Nevertheless noticed its owner - fellow collector Christian von Lettow-Vorbeck - an important difference. We are not talking about the dozens of variations discovered in the colouring scheme of the keyboard faceplate, we are talking about a completely different keyboard construction.

Back in 1972 when Texas Instruments introduced the famous Datamath calculator they made use of the reliable Klixon keyboard developed already in 1960. These assemblies combine a gold disc panel mounted on a printed circuit board (PCB) and a double-shot molded keytop placed inside a stainless steel mounting frame.

Without doubt this keyboard lasts forever but was far too expensive to compete in the calculator price war mid of the 70's. Texas Instruments introduced with the Exactra 21 already in 1974 a first cost reduction of the original Klixon™ keyboard. Instead of the discrete keytops of the Datamath we notice a molded plastic framing holding all keys in their place but allowing due a clever bending structure some travel of the key. This construction avoided the expensive metal frame and the time consuming placement of the keytops. Later calculators like the TI-1200 introduced in 1975 an even simpler construction using a plastic base plate with some wires to act together with the small discs as a switch.

Within the timeline of the more expensive scientific calculators we found another approach: The whole Slide Rule family of calculators starting with the SR-10 and developing with the SR-11, SR-16, SR-50 plus some others to the SR-52 and SR-56 introduced in 1976 made use of discrete double-shot molded keytops placed either in a metal frame or the plastic housing of the calculator itself. Even the TI-59 introduced May 24, 1977 relies on this construction.

The TI-30 with its simple black keytops was introduced together with the more colourful SR-40 and Business Analyst June 13, 1976. Within the Datamath Calculator Museum we call this family - including the later advanced members centered around the TI-55, TI-57 and MBA - MAJESTIC line in reminiscence to the TI-internal partname (Majestic Mold) of the top housing. All calculators of the MAJESTIC line use either black single-shot or colorful double-shot molded keytops placed in the "Majestic Mold".

But starting today we know: Not all TI-30 use the Majestic Mold!

TI-30_S_DET.jpg (17540 Byte)TI-30_X_DET.jpg (18898 Byte)It is obvious that this TI-30 has different keytops compared with the known ones, they are slightly smaller. The pictures on the right gives a magnified view and you may notice even a different shape of the upper surface.

TI-30_S_KBD.jpg (35685 Byte)TI-30_X_KBD.jpg (37777 Byte)Dismantling this mystery TI-30 reveals a big surprise: The keyboard construction is similar to the TI-1200 and all 40 keytops are integrated in the molded plastic part of the housing. The common Majestic Mold is shown for reference and uses 40 discrete keytops. Please notice the already prepared breakthrough in the Majestic Mold for the ON/OFF-switch of the advanced siblings, e.g. the TI-55 line.

TI-30_S_KEY.jpg (7428 Byte)
Why these differences in the keyboard construction? Due to the parallel introduction of the (more expensive) SR-40 and the TI-30 engineers had to choose the solution with the discrete keytops, a part combining the housing top and the colorful double-shot molded keytops would be too expensive. Up to now we don't know the answer of this question, probably Texas Instruments started a program to reduce manufacturing costs of the top-selling TI-30 but manufactured only few calculators in June 1978 in their Abilene, TX production line.


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If you have additions to the above article please email: joerg@datamath.org.

© Joerg Woerner, January 13, 2004. No reprints without written permission.