Texas Instruments Speak & Spell (Type 2)

Date of introduction:  1980 Display technology:  Fluorescent
New price:   Display size:  9 alphanumeric
Size:  10.0" x 7.0" x  1.3" 
 254 x 177 x 34 mm3
Weight:  16.7 ounces, 474 grams Serial No:  
Batteries:  4*C cells Date of manufacture:  wk 16 year 1980
AC-Adapter:  AC9199 Origin of manufacture:  USA
Precision:   Integrated circuits:  TMC0271, TMC0281, TMC0351 and TMC0352
Program steps:   Courtesy of:  Joerg Woerner
Download leaflet:   (US: 1.1M Bytes) Download manuals: (Word List 1978-1981)   (US: 1.8M Bytes)
  (US: 10.0M Bytes)
  (US: 2.6M Bytes)

Shortly after the invention of the synthesizer technology to reproduce human speech with tuned voices stored in ROMs (Read-only Memories - Integrated Circuits), Texas Instruments introduced the revolutionary Speak & Spell. If you compare this educational toy with the Spelling B you understand the differences: The Spelling B created a random number and the children looked up in an additional booklet the numbered pictures. The idea was to spell the name of that picture correct. The Speak & Spell used a different approach: The spoken word was generated by the built in loudspeaker and you had to type it in correct.

This educational toy was rated by Texas Instruments for children aged between 6 and 14 years. 

An alphanumeric display was used as feedback during typing words.

The same technology like this Speak & Spell was used in two other products: Speak & Read and Speak & Math. View the more serious Language products like the Language Tutor.

The original Speak & Spell introduced in the year 1978 used 40 button keys, the later products introduced in 1980 featured a membrane keypad and a cost reduction program introduced around 1981 resulted in a different - and much smaller list of stored words, hence called Version 3.

In the year 1989 the Super Speak & Spell was introduced with a multiline LC-display. Only two years later marketing decided to switch back to the original housing. View the wonderful Super Speak & Spell (91) and don't miss the "Professor" manufactured in China.

Press the Play button and listen Speak & Spell tunes.
Find more sound samples in the DOWNLOAD section.
Powered by Yahoo Media Player.

This Speak & Spell is an early model. Please notice the gold lettered "Texas Instruments" on the display screen and the large "TI" logo on the keyboard. Later models got a slightly different design. View a later model here

Compare this red Speak & Spell with the blue Buddy, introduced in the same year in Germany, the French speaking La Dictée Magique or the colorful Grillo Parlante sold in Italy. For the United Kingdom market Texas Instruments just changed the Speech-ROMs and created the Speak & Spell (British Voice). Please don't miss the Prototype of the Speak & Spell (Spanish Voice).

A similar product without display was later introduced with the Speak & Spell Compact.

With its amply rounded, roughly A4-sized red case, its large carrying handle and easily washable (and largely indestructible) flat membrane keyboard, the Speak & Spell looks funky, like some neo-retro lap-top computer from some swingin’ sixties sci-fi show. And, perhaps not surprisingly, the Speak & Spell voice can be heard on countless electronic dance records (most notably on Kraftwerk’s 1981 Computer World album, which features Speak & Spell sound effects and voices on such tracks as ‘Computer World’ and ‘Home Computer’).

Perhaps the only disappointing thing about the Speak & Spell is that, beyond pronouncing individual letters and the words stored in its internal vocabulary, the Speak & Spell is mute. It cannot be made to pronounce new words (almost everybody who picks up a Speak & Spell tries to make it pronounce an obscenity; alas, it is impossible).

But there are ways to compromise a Speak & Spell. The experimental composer and instrument maker Qubais Reed Ghazala takes a Speak & Spell apart and rewires it. He calls this process circuit-bending, and the result of these accidental short-circuits and redirected signals make the Speak & Spell produce disturbingly twisted and nonsensical noises, the electronic equivalent of a machine speaking in tongues.

Dismantling this Speak & Spell manufactured in April 1980 by Texas Instruments in the United States reveals a design centered around four Integrated Circuits:

TMC0271: 4-bit microcontroller with 2k*9 Bits ROM and 9*64 Bits RAM
TMC0281: TMS5100 VSP (Voice Synthesis Processor)
TMC0351, TMC0352: TMS6100 VSM (Voice Synthesis Memory) with 128k Bits, each

The Speech-ROMs of the Speak & Spell vary depending on the production date. Starting in 1981 the word list was significantly reduced, differences in the voice tunes of the 1991 models are not known:

1979: TMC0351 and TMC0352
1981: TMC0350/CD2350(A)
1990: TMC0350/CD62175

An inside view of some dismantled Speak & Spell products could be found here.

SpeaknSpell_ET.jpg (103144 Byte)Perhaps the most famous appearance of the Speak & Spell is in the movie „E.T. - The Extra-Terrestrial“, with its veritable shopping-basket-full of confectionery and toy-merchandise product placements. E.T. phones home on a modified Speak & Spell, somehow turning the nine-volt device into a transmitter capable of spanning intergalactic distances.

Ten different Speak & Spell Cartridge Libraries are known:

Name Title Grade
Description Module Manual Word List
Vowel Power 2-4
Vowel sounds are often irregular and create pronunciation as well as spelling problems. VowelPower_2.jpg (54784 Byte)
(US: 4.3M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Super Stumpers   4-6
Silent letters "dropped" letters, y/i changes and double consonants. SuperStumpers.jpg (55874 Byte)
(US: 4.2M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Super Stumpers   6-8
Advanced practice with silent letters, irregular spellings, multiple spellings. SuperStumpers7and8.jpg (58516 Byte)
(US: 4.0M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Basic Builders  
Words like if, how, and as can be big problems. They can´t be spelled phonetically. BasicBuilders.jpg (60118 Byte)
(US: 3.9M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Mighty Verbs   4-6
Adding s, ed, and ing to verbs that require doubling a constant or changing y to i. MightyVerbs.jpg (58317 Byte)
(US: 3.4M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Homonym Heroes   7-8
Words that sound alike but are different in spelling and meaning, such as their, there and they're. HomonymHeroes.jpg (58252 Byte)
(US: 4.8M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Noun Endings 4-6
Focuses on the difference in meaning and spelling of plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessive noun forms. NounEndings.jpg (56255 Byte)
(US: 4.7M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Magnificent Modifiers  
Compares spelling and meaning of endings for adjectives and adverbs such as ready and readily. MagnificentModifiers.jpg (61363 Byte)  
(US: 0.3M Bytes)
Vowel Ventures   7-8
Vowels can be troublesome - with so many alternate spellings. Vowel Ventures.jpg (17202 Byte)
(US: 3.9M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)
E.T. Fantasy   7-8
(US: 6.0M Bytes)

(US: 0.3M Bytes)

Please find some manuals of the listed modules in the Download Section of the Datamath Calculator Museum.

In Europe Texas Instruments introduced five French speaking "Module Magique" and in Italy we discovered recently a rare "SuperModule" for the Grillo Parlante.

The Speak & Spell plug-in modules are featured in the Texas Instruments Incorporated bulletins CL-557 and CL-557R dated 1980 resp. 1984.

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If you have additions to the above article please email:

© Chris Gregory and Joerg Woerner, January 25, 2002. No reprints without written permission.